Georgia High School Association blocks transgender athletes from playing sports that conform with their gender identity

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High school athletes in Georgia will now participate in sports based on their gender at birth, according to a unanimous decision by the state’s governing body of athletics on Wednesday afternoon.

The Georgia High School Association voted 62-0 to require all athletes to conform to the gender specified on their birth certificate. The GHSA was granted such authority when state legislators approved an 11th-hour measure on the last day of the legislative session granting it that authority.

House Bill 1084 was approved by the Georgia House on a 98-71 vote and by the Senate on a 32-21 vote, both on party lines. On April 28, Governor Brian Kemp signed the measure, along with six others, into law.

Kemp backed the GHSA legislation on Wednesday, saying he was “glad to have championed this initiative in Georgia.”

“Following my signing of HB 1084, the Georgia High School Association today overwhelmingly approved students to compete according to the sex specified on his/her birth certificate,” Kemp tweeted.

“I’m honored to have led this work in Georgia!”

Previously, the GHSA stated in bylaw 1.47, “The GHSA shall recognize a gender determination made by a member school.” The GHSA will not conduct gender identity judgments or hear appeals from member schools’ decisions.”

The transgender question has become a political hot subject throughout the nation, with several Republican-controlled states outright prohibiting it and Democratic-controlled ones permitting it. Across the nation, similar legislation to legalize or prohibit transgender athletes is being considered.

There is no federal legislation that applies universally throughout the nation to transgender athletes. Instead, governments have the authority to decide what occurs.

On the grounds of Trinity Christian Academy in Jacksonville, Florida, Gov. Ron DeSantis signed SB 1028 into law on June 1, 2021. That measure, known as the Fairness in Women’s Sports Act, became law in July of last year.

That statute superseded the Florida High School Athletic Association’s previous regulation, which had been in effect since 2013-14. Only 11 athletes applied to participate under FHSAA Bylaw 16.8, Gender Identity Participation. When DeSantis signed the bill into law, the FHSAA announced that all 11 athletes had been cleared to participate.

How other states look for transgender athletes

StateAllowed to playGov. party affiliation
AlabamaNoRepublican
AlaskaLeft up to each schoolRepublican
ArkansasNoRepublican
ArizonaYes, but determined by Gender Identity Eligibility committeeRepublican
CaliforniaYesDemocrat
ColoradoStudents must inform school of their intentions and have it verifiedDemocrat
ConnecticutLeft up to school districtsDemocrat
DelawareLeft up to school, but allowed to compete based on gender identityDemocrat
FloridaNoRepublican
GeorgiaNoRepublican
HawaiiN/ADemocrat
IdahoNoRepublican
IllinoisDetermined by state associationDemocrat
IndianaDetermined by state associationRepublican
IowaNoRepublican
KansasLeft up to each schoolDemocrat
KentuckyForbidden unless “legally reassigned”Democrat
LouisianaRequires hormone therapy or sex reassignmentDemocrat
MaineCan compete based on which gender they identify asDemocrat
MarylandLeft up to local school districtsRepublican
MassachusettsCan compete based on which gender they identify asRepublican
MichiganCase-by-case basis for transgender girlsDemocrat
MinnesotaYesDemocrat
MississippiNoRepublican
MissouriOnly if hormone therapy has been in place for a year or moreRepublican
MontanaNoRepublican
NebraskaOnly if hormone therapy has been in place for a year or more or had surgeryRepublican
NevadaLeft up to individual schoolsDemocrat
New HampshireLeft up to individual schoolsRepublican
New JerseyYesDemocrat
New MexicoNoDemocrat
New YorkSchool determines eligibilityDemocrat
North CarolinaReferred to Gender Identity Committee for reviewDemocrat
North DakotaTransgender girls eligible after one year of hormone therapyRepublican
OhioDetermined by hormone therapy policyRepublican
OklahomaNoRepublican
OregonYesDemocrat
PennsylvaniaLeft up to individual principalsDemocrat
Rhode IslandLeft up to individual schoolsDemocrat
South CarolinaMust go through gender identity eligibility advisory boardRepublican
South DakotaNoRepublican
TennesseeNoRepublican
TexasNoRepublican
UtahNoRepublican
VermontLeft up to individual schoolsRepublican
VirginiaDetermined by committee and reviewRepublican
WashingtonNoDemocrat
Washington, DCLeft up to individual schoolsDemocrat
West VirginiaNoRepublican
WisconsinLeft up to individual schoolsDemocrat
WyomingLeft up to individual schoolsRepublican
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